This chapter discusses that youth unemployment in Europe has brought about the creation of several policy initiatives to reduce the said predicament. It explains that youth unemployment varies among European countries and declined during the period 1997–2003. The chapter argues that flexibilisation processes have led to the growth of part-time, temporary work and dead-end jobs. This, together with low youth wages, leads to low incomes that are generally insufficient to secure an independent existence. It explains that young minority ethnic people, those from less-privileged social-class backgrounds. and, in some respects, young women, are more exposed to labour-market risks, while middle-class men from majority ethnic backgrounds have crucial advantages in terms of economic, cultural, and social capital to cushion them against risk-laden labour-market activities.
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