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Running on emptyTransport, social exclusion and environmental justice.$
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Karen Lucas

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9781861345707

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781861345707.001.0001

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Crossroad blues: the MTA Consent Decree and just transportation

Crossroad blues: the MTA Consent Decree and just transportation

(p.221) Twelve Crossroad blues: the MTA Consent Decree and just transportation
Running on empty

Robert García

Thomas A. Rubin

Policy Press

This chapter describes how a team of US civil-rights attorneys worked with grassroots organisations to file and win a landmark environmental-justice class action against the Los Angeles Metropolitan Transport Authority (MTA). The plaintiffs alleged that MTA operated separate and unequal bus and rail systems that discriminated against bus riders who were disproportionately low-income people of color. The parties settled the case in 1996 through a court-ordered Consent Decree in which MTA agreed to make investments in the bus system that would total over $2 billion, making it the largest civil-rights settlement ever.

Keywords:   civil-rights attorneys, grassroots organisations, environmental justice, US, MTA, rail systems

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