This chapter introduces the topics covered by this book. Traditionally, transport has not appeared as a topic of analysis in the social sciences; equally its social effects have tended to be overlooked by the transport disciplines. A key aim of the book is to encourage greater cross-fertilisation between these two disciplines. The main focus of the text is policy and practice in England and the US. In both the US and UK, non-car ownership is overwhelmingly concentrated among low-income and other disadvantaged sectors of the population. This book demonstrates that fundamental differences between patterns of land use and the transportation systems in the UK and the US have an effect on the demographic nature of the problem of poor transport and access, as well as its geographical distribution and its level and intensity among the population of the two countries.
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