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City mattersCompetitiveness, cohesion and urban governance$
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Martin Boddy and Michael Parkinson

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9781861344458

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781861344458.001.0001

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Innovation clusters and competitive cities in the UK and Europe

Innovation clusters and competitive cities in the UK and Europe

(p.171) Ten Innovation clusters and competitive cities in the UK and Europe
City matters

James Simmie

Policy Press

This chapter examines the influence of innovation on the competiveness and economic growth of cities in Great Britain and Europe. It attempts to explain how innovation leads to growth and why innovation is so concentrated in a minority of urban regions. The chapter suggests that there are four main bodies of theory which can explain directly or indirectly the reasons why innovation is relatively concentrated in some places rather than others. These include the traditional agglomeration theory, networked- and embedded-production theory, knowledge-economy theory, and new-trade theory.

Keywords:   innovation, competitiveness, economic growth, Great Britain, Europe, urban regions, agglomeration theory, embedded production, knowledge economy, new trade

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