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World povertyNew policies to defeat an old enemy$
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Peter Townsend and David Gordon

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9781861343956

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781861343956.001.0001

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Round pegs and square holes: mismatches between poverty and housing policy in urban India

Round pegs and square holes: mismatches between poverty and housing policy in urban India

Chapter:
(p.271) ELEVEN Round pegs and square holes: mismatches between poverty and housing policy in urban India
Source:
World poverty
Author(s):

Sunil Kumar

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781861343956.003.0012

The poverty of the masses in India has been of concern for generations. This chapter documents the mismatch between actual housing policies and the kind of policies needed to assist the poor in India. The poor are excluded from formal housing processes and are made insecure by the mechanisms that are supposed to serve them. The chapter draws on research in Bangalore and Surat to illustrate the broader policies required of the existing development agencies such as the World Bank, the Inter-American Development Bank, and the UN Centre for Human Settlements (Habitat). In addition to action on material deprivation, a housing policy that provides a range of tenure options and closely replicates informal mechanisms of delivery is what is needed. The difficulty lies in the ability of the institutions of the state to follow such mechanisms, primarily because they are intricately located within multiple social and political relationships.

Keywords:   mass poverty, India, housing policies, World Bank, Bangalore

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