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Youth unemployment and social exclusion in EuropeA comparative study$
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Torild Hammer

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9781861343680

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781861343680.001.0001

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Surviving unemployment: a question of money or families?

Surviving unemployment: a question of money or families?

(p.134) (p.135) Eight Surviving unemployment: a question of money or families?
Youth unemployment and social exclusion in Europe

Torild Hammer

Ilse Julkunen

Policy Press

This chapter examines the association between unemployment careers and the risk of financial deprivation and sources of income in Denmark, Finland, Norway, Scotland, Spain and Italy. It is shown that Italy, Spain and Finland had the highest youth unemployment, and Italy in particular had a very high rate of long-term unemployment. The UK was in the middle, and Denmark and Norway had the lowest levels, especially with regard to long-term unemployment. Danish unemployed youth are well integrated in the labour market and only a small group can be characterised as marginalised. Unemployed youth in Scotland experience more financial hardship than in all the other countries independent of unemployment career. Italian unemployed young people report a low income, but they were the most supported by parents. In all countries, young women had lower incomes and higher levels of deprivation than unemployed young men.

Keywords:   youth unemployment, financial deprivation, income, Denmark, Finland, Norway, Scotland, Spain, Italy

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