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Comparing social policiesExploring new perspectives in Britain and Japan$
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Misa Izuhara

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9781861343666

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781861343666.001.0001

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Development of social policy in Japan

Development of social policy in Japan

(p.35) Two Development of social policy in Japan
Comparing social policies

Kingo Tamai

Policy Press

This chapter examines the history of social policy making, focusing on the development of the social insurance schemes. The analysis focuses on four rough chronological periods: the pre-war period; the 1940s to 1950s; the 1960s to the 1980s; and the 1990s to the present. The family and companies have played very important roles in welfare provision in the pre-war period in Japan. Although the state began to replace some of their functions after the end of the Second World War, it was impossible for it to ignore the roles of both the family and companies in establishing a new system of social security. The fact that the central government has taken into account the functions of the family and companies in developing the new system explains why the Japanese welfare system has become so complex.

Keywords:   social policy history, social insurance, welfare provision, poverty prevention, Second World War

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