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Comparing social policiesExploring new perspectives in Britain and Japan$
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Misa Izuhara

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9781861343666

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781861343666.001.0001

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Issues and theories of social policy in Britain: past, present and future

Issues and theories of social policy in Britain: past, present and future

(p.16) (p.17) One Issues and theories of social policy in Britain: past, present and future
Comparing social policies

Hilary Land

Policy Press

As universalism has been watered down, particularly since 1980, the challenge today is how to reestablish universality in the context of growing reliance on the private sector for profit heavily subsidised by the taxpayer. Or, perhaps, the challenge in fact is to find an alternative way to sustain a sense of community and social solidarity. This chapter explores some of the key issues involved, looking first at some of the main changes which have occurred since the 1950s. It holds that a social democratic regime has relatively flexible labour markets, but even when the labour market is in turmoil, it maintains a strong social security and welfare programme. The conservative regime attempts to minimise labour market turmoil and the responsibility for welfare is placed on families rather than the state. The liberal regime is characterised by failing families combined with a scaled back welfare state which does not ensure security.

Keywords:   sense of community, social services, social solidarity, welfare programme, labour market turmoil

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