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Comparing social policiesExploring new perspectives in Britain and Japan$
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Misa Izuhara

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9781861343666

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781861343666.001.0001

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Homelessness in contemporary Japan

Homelessness in contemporary Japan

(p.191) Ten Homelessness in contemporary Japan
Comparing social policies

Masami Iwata

Policy Press

Rough sleepers first began to appear on the streets of Japan's major cities towards the end of 1992. Since then, the term ‘homelessness’has been widely used to describe sleeping rough. This chapter explores the characteristics and production processes of homelessness found in the Tokyo Survey of March 2000. It then discusses the meaning of this ‘new homelessness’ and the response of social policies in the context of recent changes in the socioeconomic structure of Japan. Rough sleepers have never been recognised as poor people in Japanese society. This chapter discusses the issue in relation to Japanese society as a whole and how those affected by homelessness have been excluded from its membership.

Keywords:   rough sleeping, Japanese welfare, Tokyo, social policy, homelessness

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