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The gender dimension of social changeThe contribution of dynamic research to the study of women's life courses$
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Elisabetta Ruspini and Angela Dale

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9781861343321

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781861343321.001.0001

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Gender wage differentials in Britain and Japan*

Gender wage differentials in Britain and Japan*

Chapter:
(p.189) Nine Gender wage differentials in Britain and Japan*
Source:
The gender dimension of social change
Author(s):

Yayoi Sugihashi

Angela Dale

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781861343321.003.0009

This chapter compares the earnings differentials between women and men in Britain and Japan, and looks at the rationale behind those differences. It reviews the theoretical explanation for gender pay differences, and describes the methods employed in the estimation of earnings equations and in the determination of the different components of the pay gap. Data from published materials in Japan and from the Labour Force Survey (LFS) and the National Child Development Study (NCDS) in Britain are used in this analysis. The chapter then determines the pay gap from British data and compares the results with the Japanese findings. From this point, the chapter explores the different components of the gender pay gap in Britain and Japan from the perspective of cultural, institutional and individual differences in the two countries. Finally, the chapter turns to longitudinal data in order to provide a fuller model of earnings and differences in the British case. This model allows early life influences and parental background to be included and is based on the NDCS.

Keywords:   earnings differentials, women and men, Britain, Japan, gender pay differences, earnings equations, pay gap

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