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Changing labour markets, welfare policies and citizenship$
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Jørgen Goul Andersen and Per H. Jensen

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9781861342720

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781861342720.001.0001

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Ethnicity, racism and the labour market: a European perspective

Ethnicity, racism and the labour market: a European perspective

(p.148) (p.149) Eight Ethnicity, racism and the labour market: a European perspective
Changing labour markets, welfare policies and citizenship

Gary Craig

Policy Press

This chapter examines the experience of those who enter the European Union (EU) and associated states from outside the EU who are typically characterised by skin colour, culture and first language distinct from that of the majority ‘host’ population. The chapter begins with general remarks on demographic characteristics and origins of ethnic minorities in sample European countries. This is followed by a review of the ethnicity data which is publicly available in these countries which are grouped into greater and smaller minority populations. Although this sample is not strictly representative, there seems to be no reason to believe that the conclusions drawn from this review are not equally apposite to those countries not represented here. Much of the discussions in this chapter are concerned with general issues of labour market access for minority ethnic groups, although specific data is alluded to in relation to the experience of young people. Some of the topics discussed herein include: citizenship and settlement; poverty, ethnicity and exclusion; and ethnicity and local labour markets.

Keywords:   European Union, demographic characteristics, ethnic minorities, ethnicity data, minority populations, labour market access, minority ethnic groups, citizenship and settlement

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