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Changing labour markets, welfare policies and citizenship$
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Jørgen Goul Andersen and Per H. Jensen

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9781861342720

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781861342720.001.0001

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New institutional forms of welfare production: some implications for citizenship

New institutional forms of welfare production: some implications for citizenship

(p.85) Five New institutional forms of welfare production: some implications for citizenship
Changing labour markets, welfare policies and citizenship

Willem Trommel

Bert de Vroom

Policy Press

New policies may start as mere efforts to raise the efficiency of welfare production in reaction to changing labour market conditions, however, these types of reforms may have moral implications in the long run. This chapter focuses on the unintended effects of policy change. It discusses the numerous reforms that have been implemented in the Dutch social security system. It focuses on the ways in which policy changes restrict the level of social protection. However, the actual welfare state changes are not primarily a matter of more or less social rights. More important is the radical change in the institutional production of welfare, especially in the ways in which citizens, organisations and state agencies are involved in the actual realisation of welfare. The chapter argues for an institutional approach to welfare state reform that concentrates on changes in institutional logic of welfare production. In the third and fourth sections of the chapter the process of institutional reforms which aimed to control and discipline the behaviour of clients, firms and administrative agencies, organisational structures and policy programmes are analysed and examined. This process of change was aimed at creating a more efficient system of welfare production without damaging the level of social protection. This process is termed as the ‘Dutch miracle’, however, whether this miracle has actually been realised remains to be seen. In the analysis of this chapter, the level of the protection has remained in tact, however, as the institutional logic of welfare production has changed, new ideas on social rights and duties of citizens have emerged. This poses a question on how the new institutional forms of welfare production have generated new normative ideas on social rights and duties and what this means for the concept of social citizenship. These questions form the focus of the fifth section.

Keywords:   new policies, welfare production, changing labour market, policy change, welfare, welfare state reform, institutional reforms, social citizenship

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