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Welfare rights and responsibilitiesContesting social citizenship$
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Peter Dwyer

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9781861342041

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781861342041.001.0001

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Five perspectives on citizenship and welfare

Five perspectives on citizenship and welfare

(p.49) 3 Five perspectives on citizenship and welfare
Welfare rights and responsibilities

Peter Dwyer

Policy Press

This chapter explores in more detail five perspectives on citizenship and welfare that are of relevance in the contemporary British setting. It analyses each of the chosen perspectives in terms of the three key themes which are central to the study: welfare provision, conditionality, and membership. The first standpoint to be considered is the one outlined by T. H. Marshall in Citizenship and social class (1992). The chapter discusses his general theory of citizenship, with particular attention to the social-rights element. It then examines two very different approaches to citizenship and welfare, those of the New Right and the new communitarians. This is followed by an analysis of New Labour's outlook with regard to the welfare element of citizenship. Finally, the chapter analyses welfare from an Islamic perspective and argues that the vision of citizenship outlined by Marshall has been superseded by a new welfare orthodoxy which stresses a reduced role for the state in the provision of welfare and increasingly conditional social rights.

Keywords:   T. H. Marshall, citizenship, welfare, welfare provision, conditionality, membership, social rights, New Right, communitarians, New Labour

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