Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Welfare rights and responsibilitiesContesting social citizenship$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Peter Dwyer

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9781861342041

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781861342041.001.0001

Show Summary Details

Philosophical underpinnings. Liberalism and communitarianism: the individual citizen and community

Philosophical underpinnings. Liberalism and communitarianism: the individual citizen and community

Chapter:
(p.19) 2 Philosophical underpinnings. Liberalism and communitarianism: the individual citizen and community
Source:
Welfare rights and responsibilities
Author(s):

Peter Dwyer

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781861342041.003.0002

This chapter looks at the differing philosophical traditions of liberalism and communitarianism and explores how their conflicting views on the nature and importance of the ‘individual’ and ‘community’ affect their competing visions of citizenship. It discusses the individualism central to the liberal project and makes an important distinction between ‘libertarian’ liberals, who largely oppose collective welfare provisions, and their more ‘egalitarian’ counterparts, who envisage a citizenship that embraces a notion of ‘social justice’ and a system of recognised welfare rights. The chapter then highlights the communitarian approach and considers the concerns and criticisms about liberalism. It also examines Ferdinand Tonnies' work, as his Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft offer insight into contrasting assumptions that underpin liberal and communitarian understandings of the concept of community. The chapter concludes by noting that, philosophically, within both liberalism and communitarianism, the extent, and in some cases the legitimacy, of the welfare element of citizenship continues to be a source of much debate.

Keywords:   Ferdinand Tonnies, liberalism, communitarianism, citizenship, welfare, community, individualism, social justice, welfare rights

Policy Press Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.