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Policy analysis in Japan$
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Yukio Adachi, Sukehiro Hosono, and Jun Iio

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781847429841

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781847429841.001.0001

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A policy analysis of the Japanese Diet from the perspective of ‘Legislative Supporting Agencies’

A policy analysis of the Japanese Diet from the perspective of ‘Legislative Supporting Agencies’

Chapter:
(p.123) Eight A policy analysis of the Japanese Diet from the perspective of ‘Legislative Supporting Agencies’
Source:
Policy analysis in Japan
Author(s):

Jun Makita

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781847429841.003.0008

The ‘Legislative Supporting Agencies (LSAs)’ are agencies supporting legislation of the Diet and legislative activities by its members. In the Japanese Diet, the Research Bureau of the House of Representatives (RBHR) and the House of Councillors (RBHC), the Legislative Bureau of the two Houses (LBHR and LBHC), the Research Bureau of the National Diet Library (RBNDL), and the Policy Secretary are considered to be LSAs. Despite a high level of institutional development when compared to other countries adopting the Parliamentary Cabinet System, the Japanese LSAs actually do not play a role which reflects this development. This leads to a gap between the institution and function. From a policy analysis point of view, this problem is obvious because it is highly unusual for Japanese LSAs to conduct a detailed analysis and dissection, thus exceeding the normal work of collecting and arranging material and then providing that material to members and parties.

Keywords:   Legislative Supporting Agencies, LSAs, Parliamentary Cabinet System, Arena legislature, government bureaucrats, gap between the institution and function

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