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Policy analysis in Japan$
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Yukio Adachi, Sukehiro Hosono, and Jun Iio

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781847429841

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781847429841.001.0001

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Policy research movements in local governments

Policy research movements in local governments

Chapter:
(p.41) Three Policy research movements in local governments
Source:
Policy analysis in Japan
Author(s):

Kimie Tsuchiyama

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781847429841.003.0003

Although policy research was not recognized as an activity within Japanese local authorities’ jurisdiction for a long time, the social changes resulting from high-growth period made local authority faced to pressure to deal regional policy issues, for example, pollution and urbanized problems. Policy research started as a necessity to address such issues by “progressive local authorities” from late the 1960s, and this movement had developed Japanese local authorities’ role as autonomous policymaker. It may be seen as the ‘governmentalisation’ of local authorities. Local authority policy research may be divided into: those conducted by local authority officers in addressing policy issues; those conducted by organisations for local authority policy; and by officers and groups as self-study sessions or job trainings. The decentralization reforms in 2000 delegated various functions to local authorities. Local authorities are expected to take advantage from the reforms, and to strengthen and refine their policy research capabilities.

Keywords:   policy research, local autonomy, high growth period in Japan, progressive local authority, governmentalization of local authorities

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