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Transforming the Dutch welfare stateSocial risks and corporatist reform$
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Mara A. Yerkes

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9781847429636

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781847429636.001.0001

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Sickness and disability reform in the Netherlands

Sickness and disability reform in the Netherlands

(p.41) three Sickness and disability reform in the Netherlands
Transforming the Dutch welfare state

Mara A. Yerkes

Policy Press

This chapter demonstrates that the perception and management of sickness and disability has greatly changed in the Netherlands. Originally intended as a passive, full income-support scheme of benefits provided by the welfare state, sickness and disability policy underwent serious changes to policy goals. From a generous welfare-state policy providing passive, collective income support, disability has been dismantled and significantly decollectivised, with a focus on activation and restrictive collective benefits in the welfare state, as well as on increased responsibility for employers and individuals. This change can be traced to five important developments: a reduction in collective protection offered by the welfare state, an increase in employer responsibility, an increase in compensation through collective bargaining, a shift in the administration of benefits towards the public sector, and an increase in individual responsibility.

Keywords:   sickness policy, disability policy, policy reform, social risk, decollectivisation, welfare state, employer responsibility, individual responsibility

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