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Childcare marketsCan they deliver an equitable service?$
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Eva Lloyd and Helen Penn

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9781847429339

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781847429339.001.0001

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Markets and childcare provision in New Zealand: towards a fairer alternative

Markets and childcare provision in New Zealand: towards a fairer alternative

Chapter:
(p.97) Six Markets and childcare provision in New Zealand: towards a fairer alternative
Source:
Childcare markets
Author(s):

Linda Mitchell

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781847429339.003.0006

This chapter reviews early childhood education policies in New Zealand in the last two decades. Fundamental shifts have occurred in government resourcing of early childhood education and in policies to support a coherent national framework of curriculum, regulations, and funding. Nevertheless, a market approach to provision of early childhood services remains and is increasingly problematic. A rapid growth has occurred in the provision of private and increasingly corporate childcare services, while the community-based sector has declined or has been slow to develop. The market approach has led to duplications and gaps in early childhood provision, and has produced inequities in access particularly for low income, ethnically diverse and rural families. Increasingly, children attend more than one early childhood service to suit the needs of their families. Quality differentials between private and community-based services exist, favouring community-based services.The chapter argues that instead of a market approach, a model of state and community partnership in the provision of early childhood services can build services that are responsive to the wider context of children's lives, support a stronger sense of community at local level, and promote a socially just world.

Keywords:   Minimal state, supportive state, Market approach, Corporate childcare, Teacher led provision, parent/whānau led provision, Quality differentials

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