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The political economy of work security and flexibilityItaly in comparative perspective$
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Fabio Berton and Matteo Richiardi

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9781847429070

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781847429070.001.0001

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Flexibility and employment security: an analysis of work careers

Flexibility and employment security: an analysis of work careers

(p.61) Four Flexibility and employment security: an analysis of work careers
The political economy of work security and flexibility

Fabio Berton

Matteo Richiardi

Stefano Sacchi

Policy Press

Some employment contracts have an expiration date while others do not, but this does not imply that the former lead to less employment security than the latter. First, they do not necessarily last for a shorter period of time; second, fixed-term contracts may be used as probationary periods at the end of which a worker may be retained under a standard arrangement; third, many short-lived contracts may succeed each other with negligible interruptions and therefore produce a continuous employment status. An empirical analysis that brings all these considerations together suggests however that in the mid term workers in Italy with fixed-term contracts spend more time in unemployment than workers with open-ended arrangements. As the likelihood of getting a standard job does not compensate for this situation, we argue that in Italy non-standard employment relationships bring to more employment insecurity for the worker. Comparative analysis follows, highlighting similarities in Germany, and particularly in Spain and Japan.

Keywords:   Employment security, Employment duration, Unemployment duration, Job-to-job transitions, Port-of-entry hypothesis

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