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Benchmarking Muslim well-being in EuropeReducing disparities and polarizations$
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Pamela Irving Jackson and Peter Doerschler

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9781847428875

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781847428875.001.0001

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Muslims' experiences of discrimination in public institutions

Muslims' experiences of discrimination in public institutions

(p.105) Five Muslims' experiences of discrimination in public institutions
Benchmarking Muslim well-being in Europe

Pamela Irving Jackson

Peter Doerschler

Policy Press

Data on discrimination provided in this chapter underscore the picture of Muslims’ sense of relative unease in their European homes, and reflect an increase in the discrimination faced by Muslims in Europe during the first decade of the twenty-first century. Muslims experience multiple discrimination triggered by their religion, race and nationality. In three of the four states considered, citizenship is not a protective factor in reducing the impact of discrimination. This look at perceptions of discrimination within the Muslim population provides several important clues for policy-makers regarding the impact of state policy toward Muslims. Policies focused on keeping manifestation of religious identity out of the public arena, and the associated hostility toward those at whom such policies are targeted may serve to exclude Muslims from full membership in European states. To some extent, the impact that these policies have on non-Muslims may be the heart of the problem: such policies may send a signal that Muslims do not belong, making interactions between Muslims and non-Muslims more likely to reflect that attitude.

Keywords:   Muslims, Discrimination, Multiple discrimination, Religion, Race, Nationality, Citizenship, Integration policy

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