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Benchmarking Muslim well-being in EuropeReducing disparities and polarizations$
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Pamela Irving Jackson and Peter Doerschler

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9781847428875

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781847428875.001.0001

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State involvement in Muslim well-being

State involvement in Muslim well-being

Chapter:
(p.27) Two State involvement in Muslim well-being
Source:
Benchmarking Muslim well-being in Europe
Author(s):

Pamela Irving Jackson

Peter Doerschler

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781847428875.003.0002

This chapter clarifies differences in the national role on key questions of the relationship between the individual and the civil society, and between religion and the state. At the end of the chapter, information is provided on each state's Muslim population. Change in states’ conceptualization of the national model of integration is reflected in the shifting mechanisms of their accommodations to the requirements of Muslim well-being. Britain moved from a race-based to a faith-based policy; the Netherlands from a consociational rights-based policy, to a policy based on individual responsibilities; France from a laicite policy ignoring individuals’ religion, to one penalizing displays of religious identity in public institutions; and Germany from a policy based on the assumption that non-German difference has no place in German society, to a policy establishing a minimum threshold of commonality between those “foreigners” who will remain and German citizens (placing on Muslims the burden to conform to the majority). Efforts to prevent examination of the extent to which life chances are limited through institutional discrimination and prejudice are sanitized by reference to the immutability of “national models of integration”. The authors seek to demonstrate the utility of expanding national and supra-national well-being projects to provide for the greater well-being of Muslim Europeans.

Keywords:   Cultural gateways, National integration models, Multiculturalism, Assimilation, National quality of life benchmarking indicators, MIPEX, France, Germany, Netherlands, United Kingdom, Ethnic and Racial Minorities, Race Relations

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