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Children, risk and safety on the internetResearch and policy challenges in comparative perspective$
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Sonia Livingstone and Leslie Haddon

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9781847428837

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781847428837.001.0001

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Which children are fully online?

Which children are fully online?

Chapter:
(p.45) Four Which children are fully online?
Source:
Children, risk and safety on the internet
Author(s):

Ellen Helsper

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781847428837.003.0004

Digital exclusion and low engagement with information and communication technologies (ICTs) by particular social groups is usually researched among adults. Little research is done in relation to children under the assumption that they are all digital natives and thus fully online. This chapter uses EU Kids Online data to examine whether there are differences in access among different groups of young European internet users. Education, gender and age are all associated with different types and quality of access but the strength of the relationship between these socio-demographic characteristics and access vary by country. These differences between European countries are associated with general, national level inequalities between education, gender and age groups, and with the level of internet diffusion within each country.

Keywords:   Digital inclusion, Internet access, Socio-demographic differences, Socio-economic inequalities, Cross-national comparisons

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