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From exclusion to inclusion in old ageA global challenge$
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Thomas Scharf and Norah C. Keating

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9781847427731

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781847427731.001.0001

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Social inclusion of older people in developing countries: relations and resources

Social inclusion of older people in developing countries: relations and resources

Chapter:
(p.51) Four Social inclusion of older people in developing countries: relations and resources
Source:
From exclusion to inclusion in old age
Author(s):

Peter Lloyd-Sherlock

Armando Barrientos

Julia Mase

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781847427731.003.0004

With social exclusion debates originating in western industrialised nations, there have been few attempts, to date, to extend the exclusion lens to the situation of older people in developing nations. In this chapter, Peter Lloyd-Sherlock, Armando Barrientos and Julia Mase contribute to emerging debates about exclusion in non-western nations by examining older people's circumstances in the middle-income countries of Brazil and South Africa. Framing their analysis within the context of Cowgill's (1976) study on development and modernisation and the consequences for older people, the authors use original empirical data to provide a more subtle perspective on such general claims. While access to financial security and pensions provides insights into the material resources domain of social exclusion, older people's perceptions of inclusion and the quality of their social relationships address its relational dimensions. The chapter emphasises the key contribution of material resources to older people's social relations and subjective well-being in developing countries.

Keywords:   Developing countries, Brazil, South Africa, Modernisation, Ageing, Older people, Social exclusion

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