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Reinventing Social Solidarity Across Europe$
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Marion Ellison

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9781847427274

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781847427274.001.0001

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Social solidarities and immigration integration policies in South-Eastern Europe

Social solidarities and immigration integration policies in South-Eastern Europe

(p.121) Eight Social solidarities and immigration integration policies in South-Eastern Europe
Reinventing Social Solidarity Across Europe

Anna Krasteva

Policy Press

Social solidarity has not become a key word for the political discourse in South-Eastern Europe, and this is for two reasons. Firstly, because of the tension between the aspiration towards a European-style social market economy (or conservative corporatism) and a budget induced and IMF-World Bank-backed residualism and secondly, because of the lack of ‘European’ social solidarity to the aspiring candidate countries in the South-Eastern neighbourhoods in the time of global financial and economic crisis. On the contrary, the EC has consigned their economic recovery to the austerity measures of the IMF that essentially do not differ from the ‘old’ and now-discredited Washington Consensus. Articulating the distinction between ‘old’ and ‘new’ minorities, this chapter argues that South-Eastern Europe is burdened with the consequences of the liberal paradox rather than the benefits of social solidarity. Traditional ethnic communities have always been the object of integration policy, whenever applied in the Balkan countries, before moving on to examine the (un)preparedness of social and political actors for shifting the focus from old to new groups, from minorities to immigration, and their capacities for creating new public spaces of meetings, mutual understanding and dialogue, re-inventing social solidarity.

Keywords:   social solidarity, minorities, integration, immigration, communities, dialogue, Balkan countries, citizenship, economic crisis

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