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Reinventing Social Solidarity Across Europe$
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Marion Ellison

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9781847427274

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781847427274.001.0001

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Solidarity at the margins of European society: linking the European social model to local conditions and solidarities

Solidarity at the margins of European society: linking the European social model to local conditions and solidarities

Chapter:
(p.29) Three Solidarity at the margins of European society: linking the European social model to local conditions and solidarities
Source:
Reinventing Social Solidarity Across Europe
Author(s):

Tomáš Sirovátka

Petr Mareš

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781847427274.003.0003

This chapter centrally examines how the Social Open Method of Co-ordination (OMC) is framed by the national understanding of solidarity, and, consequently, how is it implemented in the Czech republic in two specific policy fields: social inclusion and protection of minimum living standards, and labour market inclusion. The national understanding of solidarity is analyzed at two levels. Firstly, at the level of social capital, such as trust in people and trust in institutions, for example bridging social capital (solidarity with different social groups) and participation in civic society organizations, and perceptions of justice. Secondly, at the level of policy discourse as identified in policy documents (government declarations, national reports on social protection and social inclusion, interviews with policy makers). The chapter argues that the mainstream policies of the Social OMC have been redefined by prevailing neo-liberal policy discourses, which are partly underpinned by the attitudes of the public. The bottom-up policies by civic society are only slowly beginning to gain voice within the Social OMC, although currently, the Social OMC may be regarded as both a cognitive and strategic resource for their action in this field.

Keywords:   solidarity, labour market, civil society, inclusion, social groups, protection, policy, citizenship

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