This chapter highlights three key elements in Peter's work on poverty: first, as the first person to conceptualise poverty as relative and his seminal influence in the adoption of this approach in most national and international definitions and measurements of poverty, with the notable exceptions of the US and The World Bank; second, the need to treat ‘resources’ as being beyond solely income. It notes that in this second element, Peter was a pioneer of the use of social indicators to measure poverty, which, after initial criticism, is now a well-established method. It further highlights the third element, where Peter considered poverty in the context of groups: an approach so obvious and simple but it is one of Peter's great contributions. It notes that Peter's campaigning work with CPAG and the Disability Alliance as well as on pensions can be linked to this.
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