This chapter examines the extent and nature of digital divides among children in Europe today. It shows that although gaps in internet access and use have decreased in Europe, they still exist. Differences are significant between countries as well as within countries in Europe, with Southern Europe in particular lagging behind. Socio-economic factors still influence the degree of internet access for children and young people in Europe. With regards to ‘digital generation’ and ‘generational gaps’, empirical research in Europe has shown that although a lack of parental internet experience may inhibit children from using internet technologies, additional socializing factors such as schools, peer groups, and public opinion can be enough to enable a child to take up internet use.
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