The evidence of welfare transfers suggests that they are as successful in reducing women's risk of poverty as in reducing men's. There is some evidence of measures supporting extended parental leave; however, there is no general development of policies to sustain women as dependants. State policies in Poland are in contradiction to the ideas and ideals of mothers in households, and perhaps of their partners. There is an emerging consensus that gender equality depends on care and paid employment, and on men changing as well as women. Transition from communism is synonymous with changes in the state and welfare services. The welfare services and employment structures that supported women's employment under communism brought gender regimes in which working motherhood was assumed and in which gender equality in public life was greater than in most countries of Western Europe in the second half of the twentieth century.
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