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Religion and faith-based welfareFrom wellbeing to ways of being$
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Rana Jawad

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9781847423900

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781847423900.001.0001

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Conceptualising the relationship between religion and social policy I: historical perspectives

Conceptualising the relationship between religion and social policy I: historical perspectives

Chapter:
(p.33) One Conceptualising the relationship between religion and social policy I: historical perspectives
Source:
Religion and faith-based welfare
Author(s):

Rana Jawad

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781847423900.003.0002

Reviews the key historical currents and developments through which religious welfare in contemporary British society needs to be understood. It offers a historical account of the role of the Church in caring for the poor starting with the Middle Ages, through to the 16th century Reformation with the establishment of a national church in Britain that had a reformed Protestant character akin to North America. The introduction of mass education in the mid-1800s was forged by political leaders with strong religious convictions such as William Gladstone, and the 19th century Victorian era too was animated by the notion of “Practical Christianity”. The historical account systematically works up to the post-World War II era with such figures as William Beveridge and William Temple overseeing the establishment of the modern welfare state, drawing inspiration from Christian values of philanthropy and human dignity. The value of this historical overview is in showing that religion is not confined to non-state religious organisations in Britain but has been intertwined in the national political culture.

Keywords:   Christian socialism, liberalism, Philanthropy, welfare state, William Temple, religious welfare, establishment, welfare settlement, Church of England

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