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The rural housing questionCommunity and planning in Britain's countrysides$
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Madhu Satsangi

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9781847423856

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781847423856.001.0001

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Targeting ‘local’ needs

Targeting ‘local’ needs

(p.141) Thirteen Targeting ‘local’ needs
The rural housing question

Madhu Satsangi

Nick Gallent

Mark Bevan

Policy Press

One of the revealing tactics for addressing housing supply pressures in the rural areas is the selective targeting of ‘local’ needs. This involves giving priority access to ‘local people’. Priority access to specified groups is often a requirement, written into a planning obligation where affordable housing is delivered through an exceptional permission or secured as a planning gain within a private development. In some instances, occupancy conditions have been attached to all new housing developments in an area. The local planning authority which enabled the scheme through its development control function has the responsibility to ensure that housing for local needs fulfils this purpose. This tactic is revealing: first, it highlights the indirect nature of the public response to the need for affordable housing; and second, it shows how authorities address the specific needs of a part of the housing market without increasing the general supply thereby mustering local support for development. However, this tactic has several issues and dilemmas. This chapter discusses the issues attached to the selective targeting of the ‘local’ needs. First, it discusses the controversy surrounding the priority given to ‘local people’. Second, it examines the effectiveness and the success of the tactic. Third, it analyses the implications of the giving priority to local needs on the general supply of housing as well as the undesirable consequences of the tactic. Fourth, the chapter discusses the people that should be given priority — it identifies who is ‘local’. And finally, the chapter discusses to what extent the tactic can be used to widen the social mix and create more ‘sustainable’ rural communities.

Keywords:   housing supply, rural areas, local needs, local people, rural communities

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