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A generation of change, a lifetime of difference?Social policy in Britain since 1979$
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Martin Evans

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9781847423054

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781847423054.001.0001

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Working age risks: social insurance

Working age risks: social insurance

Chapter:
(p.122) (p.123) Seven Working age risks: social insurance
Source:
A generation of change, a lifetime of difference?
Author(s):

Martin Evans

Lewis Williams

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781847423054.003.0007

This chapter describes the risks that have traditionally been covered by contributory social insurance: unemployment and sickness and incapacity. Levels of unemployment and coverage by benefits are first discussed. Sickness Benefit appeared to have identical rates and the same dependent adult and child additions and contributory qualifications as Unemployment Benefit. The chapter then exclusively focuses on the Meades and the Lowes and thus on the position of median and low earners respectively in 1979, 1997 and 2008, as the high-earning Moores have little probability of risks of unemployment, sickness and long-term incapacity. The analysis shows clearly a decline in contributory coverage and a rise of means testing for both the Meades and the Lowes, but one of the outcomes of this change has been to differentiate the risk of adequate income provision between the Lowes as tenants and the Meades as owner-occupiers.

Keywords:   social insurance, unemployment, sickness, long-term incapacity, Meades, Lowes, contributory coverage

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