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Towards a democratic division of labour in Europe?The Combination Model as a new integrated approach to professional and family life$
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Walter Van Dongen

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9781847422941

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781847422941.001.0001

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Actual evolution of the division of professional and family labour

Actual evolution of the division of professional and family labour

Chapter:
(p.89) Four Actual evolution of the division of professional and family labour
Source:
Towards a democratic division of labour in Europe?
Author(s):

Walter Van Dongen

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781847422941.003.0004

This chapter describes the actual evolution of the division of professional and family labour in EU countries and some other OECD countries. The evolution from the ‘old combination model’ or ‘survival model’ in the period 1750–1900 to the ‘new’ breadwinner model in the 20th century is summarized. By means of some basic indicators or empirical models that were developed for Flanders/Belgium before, the general development from the strong male breadwinner model in the period 1950–70 to a moderate asymmetric combination model in the period 1985–2005, is discussed. These historical models are briefly compared with other largely similar models. Graphical indicators are presented, each showing a specific aspect or side of the division of labour: the labour situation of the male and female population; the general division of the main activities; professional activity rates of men and women (by age group); the number of hours of professional labour, family labour, leisure time and personal care; and some aspects of the temporal quality of the jobs of men and women.

Keywords:   European Union, OECD, labour, division of labour, gender relations, Belgium, models

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