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Population ageing and international developmentFrom generalisation to evidence$
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Peter Lloyd-Sherlock

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9781847421920

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781847421920.001.0001

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Conclusions and overview

Conclusions and overview

(p.230) (p.231) Nine Conclusions and overview
Population ageing and international development

Peter Lloyd-Sherlock

Policy Press

There is no obvious historical point of departure for India's modern development. ‘Development’ has had only limited effects on large parts of the population, who remain trapped in rural poverty. Little evidence shows that the recent economic boom will benefit more than a small minority of the population and, as a result, fertility rates have remained high and population ageing has been less pronounced than in Argentina or South Africa. Given India's geographical diversity, this chapter focuses on two particular states (Uttar Pradesh and Kerala), which demonstrate substantially different patterns of development and population change. The study examines how experiences of later life in India are shaped by gender relations and charts the rising impact of chronic health conditions such as stroke and dementia. The country's various pension schemes have shown to provide minimal protection to the vast majority of older people despite high levels of expenditure.

Keywords:   India, economic boom, fertility rates, older people, stroke, dementia, gender relations

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