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Population ageing and international developmentFrom generalisation to evidence$
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Peter Lloyd-Sherlock

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9781847421920

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781847421920.001.0001

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Ageing and development in India

Ageing and development in India

Chapter:
(p.200) (p.201) Eight Ageing and development in India
Source:
Population ageing and international development
Author(s):

Peter Lloyd-Sherlock

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781847421920.003.0008

Argentina has shown rapid economic growth and social welfare development in the early 20th century but by the end of it, decades of extreme economic instability and growing social inequality had relegated Argentina to ‘developing country’ status. Argentina's unusual economic trajectory raises a number of important issues relating to population ageing and development. The country experienced demographic transition considerably earlier than most other developing countries. Early economic growth led to falls in fertility rates, which in turn led to the early onset of population ageing. It also provided the basis for an extensive set of state welfare schemes, including pensions and health insurance. This chapter argues that the high cost of welfare services has been mainly due to policy failures, rather than a direct consequence of population ageing.

Keywords:   social welfare, economic growth, economic instability, social inequality, Argentina, population ageing, demographic transition

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