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Europe enlargedA handbook of education, labour and welfare regimes in Central and Eastern Europe$
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Irena Kogan, Michael Gebel, and Clemens Noelke

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9781847420640

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781847420640.001.0001

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(p.213) Eight Latvia
Europe enlarged

Trapenciere Ilze

Policy Press

The first section of this chapter begins with a brief overview of the education system during socialism. It focuses on the changes and developments in the Latvian education system after Latvia regained independence, and examines the main components of Latvia's education system. It provides an overview of the vertical and horizontal dimensions of the education system, showing gender disproportion in tertiary education. The second section addressees the issue of existing ethnic, linguistic and regional diversity that has resulted in a growing divide between rich and poor, and between urban and rural areas. It also considers the developments of the labour market institutions. The final section addresses the Latvian welfare system, which has been central to the political debate in Latvia. It focuses on the issues of active labour market policy (ALMP) and developments of unemployment insurance, guaranteed minimum income (GMI) and family policy.

Keywords:   socialism, educational system, gender disproportion, welfare system, ethnic diversity, GMI, ALMP

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