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Europe enlargedA handbook of education, labour and welfare regimes in Central and Eastern Europe$
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Irena Kogan, Michael Gebel, and Clemens Noelke

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9781847420640

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781847420640.001.0001

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(p.96) (p.97) Four Bulgaria
Europe enlarged

Kostova Dobrinka

Policy Press

During Bulgaria's political and economic transition, changes in its political institutions have been rapid and fundamental. However, Bulgaria's socioeconomic systems have changed much more slowly mainly due to the inherited backward structures from pre-socialist and socialist times, the locational disadvantage of the country, general instability in the Balkans and discontinuities in the government's process of privatisation and orientation to a market economy. During Bulgaria's period of transformation, two major tendencies in its education system developed: the phenomenon of students dropping out from school emerged and has resulted in a group of citizens with little or no education; and an increased interest in university education. The transition period has negatively affected the welfare system — its resources are very limited and have decreased during the period of transformation. Bulgaria's welfare system could not compensate the groups experiencing declining living conditions with the economic difficulties that began in the 1990s.

Keywords:   political transition, economic transition, Balkans, welfare system, educational system, market economy, university education

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