The political changes that took place in 1989 had far-reaching implications for Slovakian society, for whom the building of democratic institutions started from scratch. The smooth transition to democracy was most visibly confirmed when Slovakia, together with other transition economies, became a member of the European Union (EU). When it came to the transformation of the education system, the most important changes included the degree of autonomy in all levels and types of schools, the decentralisation of governance and financing and the adjustment of the curriculum to the needs of the students, with the ultimate goal of increasing their success in the labour market. The labour code and other institutions have helped to create a more flexible and globally compatible labour market. There has been a gradual reduction in expenditure on unemployment benefit and an endeavour to create more vibrant and active labour market programmes.
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