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Europe enlargedA handbook of education, labour and welfare regimes in Central and Eastern Europe$
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Irena Kogan, Michael Gebel, and Clemens Noelke

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9781847420640

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781847420640.001.0001

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Slovakia

Slovakia

Chapter:
(p.322) (p.323) Twelve Slovakia
Source:
Europe enlarged
Author(s):

Košta Ján

Bednárik Rastislav

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781847420640.003.0013

The political changes that took place in 1989 had far-reaching implications for Slovakian society, for whom the building of democratic institutions started from scratch. The smooth transition to democracy was most visibly confirmed when Slovakia, together with other transition economies, became a member of the European Union (EU). When it came to the transformation of the education system, the most important changes included the degree of autonomy in all levels and types of schools, the decentralisation of governance and financing and the adjustment of the curriculum to the needs of the students, with the ultimate goal of increasing their success in the labour market. The labour code and other institutions have helped to create a more flexible and globally compatible labour market. There has been a gradual reduction in expenditure on unemployment benefit and an endeavour to create more vibrant and active labour market programmes.

Keywords:   Slovakian society, European Union, transition economy, democracy, governance decentralisation, active labour market, labour code

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