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Religion, spirituality and the social sciencesChallenging marginalisation$
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Basia Spalek and Alia Imtoual

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9781847420411

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781847420411.001.0001

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Turning the world upside down

Turning the world upside down

Chapter:
(p.107) Eight Turning the world upside down
Source:
Religion, spirituality and the social sciences
Author(s):

Caroline Humphrey

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781847420411.003.0009

This chapter introduces a radical approach in examining the differences between world-views and their impact for research in the social sciences and practice in caring professions. The first section discusses four world-views — secular, spiritual, scientific, and religious — with reference to their philosophical premises. The scientific world-view inverts the secular world-view to such extent that scientists uncover deeper truths and realities of human beings and planet earth. The spiritual and religious world-view on the other hand involves an inversion of both secular and scientific world-views to such an extent that they invoke metaphysical truths and realities beyond human beings and earth. The rest of the chapter discusses how the contemporary co-existence of world-views generates issues and problems for researchers and practitioners. The social sciences were conceived from the womb of a secular and scientific world that stripped the meta-physical realm of any reality, but they are now inhibiting multicultural societies in an era of globalisation, where religion and spiritual world-views exist alongside secular and scientific world-views. However, to move forward and to gain fruitful results, the chapter concludes that a ‘journeying’ between life worlds and world-views is necessary as well as the deconstruction of antimonies between science and spirituality.

Keywords:   world-views, social sciences, secular world-views, spiritual world-views, scientific world-views, religious world-views, spirituality

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