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UprootedThe Shipment of Poor Children to Canada, 1867-1917$
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Roy Parker

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9781847420145

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781847420145.001.0001

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Into the Twentieth Century

Into the Twentieth Century

(p.253) fourteen Into the Twentieth Century

Roy Parker

Policy Press

This chapter focuses on changes in emigration during the early years of the twentieth century. Despite various attempts to improve the visiting of Poor Law children, the system remained inadequate, and it seems likely that similar deficiencies existed with respect to the inspection of other children who were not the responsibility of boards of guardians in Britain. The age range of Poor Law children who were emigrated became more and more compressed, especially with respect to girls. In the voluntary sector, one notable change was the death of most of those who had led or contributed to the child-emigration movement. Shaw died in 1902; Rye, Whitwill, and Quarrier in 1903; Macpherson in 1904; and Barnardo in 1905. In the case of the Catholic enterprises, the emigration work continued because it was embedded in a Church hierarchy, and was further strengthened by the amalgamations that occurred in the early years of the twentieth century. The involvement of the Salvation Army in child emigration is also described.

Keywords:   child emigration, Poor Law, Catholic Church, Salvation Army

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