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IslamophobiaLived Experiences of Online and Offline Victimisation$
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Irene Zempi and Imran Awan

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781447331964

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447331964.001.0001

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Triggers of Islamophobic violence

Triggers of Islamophobic violence

(p.25) 3 Triggers of Islamophobic violence

Irene Zempi

Imran Awan

Policy Press

This chapter examines the factors that determine the prevalence and severity of Islamophobia, namely ‘trigger’ events of local, national and international significance. Correspondingly, participants in this study reported that the prevalence of both online and offline Islamophobia increased following recent high-profile terrorist attacks around the world such as Sydney, the attacks in Paris, Copenhagen and Tunisia. In addition, national scandals such as the grooming of young girls in Rotherham by groups of Pakistani men and the alleged ‘Trojan Horse’ scandal in Birmingham framed as a ‘jihadist plot’ to take over schools, were also highlighted as ‘trigger’ events. The visibility and intersectionality of victims’ identities is also discussed.

Keywords:   trigger, terrorist attacks, national scandals, intersectionality, Islamophobia

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