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Nannies, Migration and Early Childhood Education and CareAn International Comparison of In-Home Childcare Policy and Practice$
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Elizabeth Adamson

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781447330141

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447330141.001.0001

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Restructuring care: comparative policy developments

Restructuring care: comparative policy developments

(p.39) Two Restructuring care: comparative policy developments
Nannies, Migration and Early Childhood Education and Care

Elizabeth Adamson

Policy Press

This chapter presents historical overviews of in-home childcare in Australia, the UK and Canada. It discusses the policy trajectories across these countries within the context of early childhood education and care policy and migration policy. Particular attention is given to debates about how childcare policies and funding positioned home-based care arrangements – in both the caregiver and child’s home – across the public, private, informal and formal domains. In all three countries similar debates took place regarding the role of care versus education across the public and private, and formal and informal spheres. Dominant ideas about the care of young children being the responsibility of the family hindered the success of advocacy efforts, particularly by the feminist movement, for regulated, centre-based early childhood education and care. However, by looking at the details of the debates, pressures and actors through the lens of in-home childcare, contrasting attitudes are revealed.

Keywords:   early childhood education and care policy, migration policy, feminist movement, childcare, home-based care

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