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Nannies, Migration and Early Childhood Education and CareAn International Comparison of In-Home Childcare Policy and Practice$
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Elizabeth Adamson

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781447330141

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447330141.001.0001

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Restructuring care: concepts and classifications

Restructuring care: concepts and classifications

(p.25) One Restructuring care: concepts and classifications
Nannies, Migration and Early Childhood Education and Care

Elizabeth Adamson

Policy Press

This Chapter discusses the complexities of defining ‘in-home child care’, which are linked to broader conceptualisations of care and the welfare state that cut across the informal/formal and public/private domains. Key terms that are central to the analysis of care analysis are discussed, including informalisation/formalisation, privatisation, marketisation, familisation and commodification/decommodification. The chapter also outlines and explains the emergence of the term ‘social investment’, an idea that has driven Western (and some developing) countries’ recent investment in ECEC. Governments tend to rationalise involvement in the funding and delivery of ECEC in relation to perceived needs and policy problems. This part of Chapter 2 presents key social investment narratives, specifically as they relate to rationales for public spending on ECEC. The concepts of ‘care ideals’ and ‘care culture’ are also introduced.

Keywords:   marketisation, commodification, care culture, care ideals, in-home childcare

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