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Development In AfricaRefocusing the lens after the Millennium Development Goals$
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Hany Besada and Timothy M. Shaw

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781447328537

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447328537.001.0001

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Debating post-2015 development-oriented reforms in Africa: agendas for action

Debating post-2015 development-oriented reforms in Africa: agendas for action

Chapter:
(p.47) Two Debating post-2015 development-oriented reforms in Africa: agendas for action
Source:
Development In Africa
Author(s):

George Kararach

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781447328537.003.0003

A return to developmentalism is critical to allow Africa to grow with transformation and be in a state to tackle climate change, food insecurity and the youth bulge. There is need to focus on enablers of development such as infrastructure, regional integration, innovation, social inclusion and human security; and building of effective institutions. These debates are happening upon the back of renewed optimism as a result of a decade-long higher growth trend in Africa where many countries have joined the league of ‘emerging’ economies. This is also on the backdrop of an apparent return to slower global growth and renewed financial uncertainties in the OECD since 2008 and the eminent shift in the relative economic dynamism of the global north to the global south. Africa continues to see the grossly unequal distribution of the benefits of the recent growth, with most countries having failed to deliver fully on their MDGs commitments. The pressures for new alternatives – be they in governance, regionalism and broader economic management - are emerging in Africa making the notion of a ‘developmental’ or effective state relevant.

Keywords:   developmental state, transformation, governance, regionalism, economic management

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