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Cities for a Small ContinentInternational Handbook of City Recovery$
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Anne Power

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781447327523

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447327523.001.0001

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Divided and united Europe

Divided and united Europe

Chapter:
(p.27) Two Divided and united Europe
Source:
Cities for a Small Continent
Author(s):

Bruce Katz

Anne Power

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781447327523.003.0002

The chapter explains the bitter 20th Century European experience of two World Wars which made industrial cities vital to survival. The legacy of WW2 created a strong proactive social and public policy focus. This led to public investment in infrastructure, the building of welfare states and mass housing. The experience of deep, long-run conflict, followed by the Cold War, reinforced the value of economic cooperation, social cohesion and public underpinning. The idea that war should never happen again on European soil lead directly to the creation of the European Common Market and the European Union. World wars, the Cold War, eventual collapse of the “Iron Curtain”, and the common market, have strongly shaped, shaken and reinforced the role of Europe’s many ex-industrial cities.

Keywords:   World Wars, conflict, welfare states, European Common Market, European Union, cooperation, Iron Curtain

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