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Infrastructure in AfricaLessons for Future Development$
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Mthuli Ncube and Charles Leyeka Lufumpa

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9781447326632

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447326632.001.0001

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Water and sanitation in Africa: current status, trends, challenges and opportunities

Water and sanitation in Africa: current status, trends, challenges and opportunities

Chapter:
(p.155) Five Water and sanitation in Africa: current status, trends, challenges and opportunities
Source:
Infrastructure in Africa
Author(s):

George Kararach

Tito Yepes

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781447326632.003.0006

Africa faces difficult water/sanitation legacies in the form of high hydrological variability and a multiplicity of transboundary river basins alongside poor sanitation. These challenges impeded the continent’s economic growth. Balanced investments in water resource and sanitation infrastructure and institutions are needed to increase productive uses of water, to mitigate the effect of recurrent floods and droughts, and to achieve basic water security as a platform for Africa’s economic growth. Priority should be given to investments that (a) focus on growth, (b) reduce rural poverty, (c) build climate resilience and adaptation, and (d) foster cooperation in international river basins. Because most African countries have low stocks of hydraulic infrastructure, emphasizing investments in infrastructure is appropriate for them. However, institution building and reform, improvements in water/sanitation management and operations, and strengthening of water information systems must complement growth in infrastructure. Development of institutions should be advanced in parallel with infrastructure investment.

Keywords:   water, sanitation, rural poverty, institutions, infrastructure investment

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