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Education Systems and InequalitiesInternational Comparisons$
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Andreas Hadjar and Christiane Gross

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781447326106

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447326106.001.0001

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Sorting and (much) more: prior ability, school effects and the impact of ability tracking on educational inequalities in achievement

Sorting and (much) more: prior ability, school effects and the impact of ability tracking on educational inequalities in achievement

Chapter:
(p.95) Five Sorting and (much) more: prior ability, school effects and the impact of ability tracking on educational inequalities in achievement
Source:
Education Systems and Inequalities
Author(s):

Hartmut Esser

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781447326106.003.0006

This contribution evaluates some paradoxical results regarding international comparisons of educational systems and educational inequalities. This evaluation follows a general model to explain the effects of educational systems on achievements in secondary education after the institutional sorting by ability at the end of elementary school in differentiated educational systems, the ‘Model of Ability Tracking’ (MoAbiT). The main result of the theoretical reconstruction is that institutional sorting alone is not sufficient to explain the effects of differentiation, and that three level-models are necessary to show specific system-effects of differentiation on educational inequality. Unfortunately all analyses of both approaches rely on PISA-data, which does not contain the necessary information, so that a reliable evaluation of the estimation of effects of educational systems on educational inequalities was not really possible until now. Contributions, however, which approach the correct specification, demonstrate that effects of social origin (sharply) decrease, if abilities before sorting are considered.

Keywords:   educational inequalities, differentiation, institutional sorting, ability tracking, school-effects

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