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The well-being of children in the UK$
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Jonathan Bradshaw

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781447325628

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447325628.001.0001

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Physical health

Physical health

Chapter:
(p.71) Four Physical health
Source:
The well-being of children in the UK
Author(s):

Jonathan Bradshaw

Veronica Dale

Karen Bloor

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781447325628.003.0004

Infant and child mortality rates remain relatively high. Low birth weight is also higher than comparable countries. The social class gap in infant mortality has been increasing in the last decade. Cancer has overtaken accidents as the main cause of child deaths. Child accidental death rates are comparatively low. Immunisation rates have been recovering since the MMR scandal but there have been epidemics of measles and rubella. Breast feeding remains low but has improved slightly. With the exception of physical exercise most health behaviour is comparatively poor but has been improving. Obesity rates may be falling. Rates of sexually transmitted diseases are high but may have been affected by recent campaigns to increase the take-up of screening. The UK failed to meet the target on teenage pregnancy but the rate has been falling very rapidly since 2008. Self-assessed health is comparatively poor but has been improving.

Keywords:   child mortality, birth weight, infant feeding, immunisation, chronic conditions, injuries

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