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The well-being of children in the UK$
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Jonathan Bradshaw

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781447325628

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447325628.001.0001

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Child poverty and deprivation

Child poverty and deprivation

Chapter:
(p.31) Three Child poverty and deprivation
Source:
The well-being of children in the UK
Author(s):

Jonathan Bradshaw

Gill Main

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781447325628.003.0003

Child poverty has a profound impact on child health, educational attainment and future employment. It is thus very costly to society and public expenditure. After 1999 the Labour government reduced child poverty and in 2010 passed the Child Poverty Act with clear child poverty targets The Conservative government has now abandoned these. Child poverty rates have been more or less static since the 2010. There is considerable area variation with Scotland having the lowest child poverty rates. The characteristics of children in poverty have been changing, with a growing proportion with someone in employment and a falling proportion in lone parent families. However the poverty risk is higher if: there are no parents employed, the child is living in a lone parent family, the child is younger, black Caribbean or Pakistani, in social housing. Most child poverty is transitory but there has been a reduction in mobility out of poverty in successive generations. The UK had the biggest reduction of child poverty of any rich country between the 1990s and 2010 and now comes in the middle of the international league tables on child poverty. Child poverty is very likely to increase over the next five years.

Keywords:   child poverty, child health, educational attainment, successive generations

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