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The well-being of children in the UK$
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Jonathan Bradshaw

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781447325628

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447325628.001.0001

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Demography of childhood

Demography of childhood

Chapter:
(p.13) Two Demography of childhood
Source:
The well-being of children in the UK
Author(s):

Jonathan Bradshaw

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781447325628.003.0002

The proportion of children in the population has been declining, driven by the decline in fertility with a fall in under-29 fertility rates and a rise in over-35 fertility rates. This has resulted in changes in the age structure of the population, fewer large families and an increase in childlessness. The proportion of children from a non-white ethnic background has been growing, Marriage has been in decline and the proportion of birth outside marriage has been rising but mainly in stably cohabiting couples. Divorce and remarriage have led to children living in increasingly complicated family patterns. The UK has one of the highest proportions of children living in lone parent families in the EU and step parenting is very common. These changes are challenging for children, parents and social policy.

Keywords:   child population, fertility, marriage, lone parents

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