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After Urban RegenerationCommunities, policy and place$
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Peter Matthews

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781447324157

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447324157.001.0001

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Urban policy and communities

Urban policy and communities

Chapter:
(p.9) Two Urban policy and communities
Source:
After Urban Regeneration
Author(s):

Stuart Wilks-Heeg

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781447324157.003.0002

The late 1960s witnessed the emergence of geographically-targeted urban policy initiatives designed to address what the then Home Secretary James Callaghan described as the “deadly quagmire of need and apathy" in some inner-city communities. This chapter considers how these urban policies have evolved since the late 1960s, with a particular focus on the experimental character of these initiatives and their changing interpretation ‘community’. It focuses particularly on the (re)turn to community in urban policy from the early 1990s onwards, when community involvement, and ultimately community leadership, came to be seen as the solution to previous policy failure. The chapter argues that community-led urban policies repeated the mistakes of past initiatives by misrepresenting the causes of neighbourhood decline. It also suggests that the effective abandonment of urban policy experiments since 2010 is arguably be the biggest regeneration experiment to date.

Keywords:   urban policy, communities, community involvement, area-based initiatives, policy experiments

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